Scale bytes into human friendly units. Can use either SI units (e.g. kB = 1000 bytes) or binary units (e.g. kiB = 1024 bytes). See Units of Information on Wikipedia for more details.

label_bytes(units = "auto_si", accuracy = 1, scale = 1, ...)



Unit to use. Should either one of:

  • "kB", "MB", "GB", "TB", "PB", "EB", "ZB", and "YB" for SI units (base 1000).

  • "kiB", "MiB", "GiB", "TiB", "PiB", "EiB", "ZiB", and "YiB" for binary units (base 1024).

  • auto_si or auto_binary to automatically pick the most appropriate unit for each value.


A number to round to. Use (e.g.) 0.01 to show 2 decimal places of precision. If NULL, the default, uses a heuristic that should ensure breaks have the minimum number of digits needed to show the difference between adjacent values.

Applied to rescaled data.


A scaling factor: x will be multiplied by scale before formatting. This is useful if the underlying data is very small or very large.


Other arguments passed on to number()


A labeller function that takes a numeric vector of breaks and returns a character vector of labels.

See also

Other labels for continuous scales: label_dollar(), label_number_auto(), label_number_si(), label_ordinal(), label_parse(), label_percent(), label_pvalue(), label_scientific()

Other labels for log scales: label_number_si(), label_scientific()


demo_continuous(c(1, 1e6))
#> scale_x_continuous()
demo_continuous(c(1, 1e6), label = label_bytes())
#> scale_x_continuous(label = label_bytes())
# Force all to use same units demo_continuous(c(1, 1e6), label = label_bytes("kB"))
#> scale_x_continuous(label = label_bytes("kB"))
# Auto units are particularly nice on log scales demo_log10(c(1, 1e6))
#> scale_x_log10()
demo_log10(c(1, 1e7), label = label_bytes())
#> scale_x_log10(label = label_bytes())
# You can also use binary units where a megabyte is defined as # (1024) ^ 2 bytes rather than (1000) ^ 2. You'll need to override # the default breaks to make this more informative. demo_continuous(c(1, 1024^2), label = label_bytes("auto_binary"))
#> scale_x_continuous(label = label_bytes("auto_binary"))
demo_continuous(c(1, 1024^2), breaks = breaks_width(250 * 1024), label = label_bytes("auto_binary") )
#> scale_x_continuous(breaks = breaks_width(250 * 1024), label = label_bytes("auto_binary"))